一切都是最好的安排

一切都是最好的安排

这里我们单独来看下关于如何生存测试报告

准备测试代码如下:

#coding: utf-8

import pytest

@pytest.fixture()
def login():
    print '输入账号、密码登录'
    
def test_step_1(login):
    print '用例步骤1:登录之后其它动作111'

def test_step_2(): #不需要登录
    print '用例步骤2: 不需要登录, 操作222'

def test_step_3(login):
    print '用例步骤3:登录之后其它动作333'

生成JunitXML 格式的测试报告

JunitXML报告是一种很常用的测试报告,比如可以和Jenkins进行集成,在Jenkins的GUI上显示Pytest的运行结果,非常便利。
运行完case后可以到report路径下去查看相应的xml文件,也可以在PyCharm打开该xml文件查看。

执行命令:

pytest -v test_smtpsimple.py --junitxml=log.xml

运行结果:

(wda_python) bash-3.2$ pytest -v test_smtpsimple.py --junitxml=log.xml
========================================================== test session starts ===========================================================
platform darwin -- Python 2.7.15, pytest-4.1.0, py-1.7.0, pluggy-0.8.0 -- /Users/jackey/Documents/iOS/code/iOS-Auto/MyPyEnv/wda_python/bin/python2.7
cachedir: .pytest_cache
rootdir: /Users/jackey/Documents/iOS/code/iOS-Auto/Agent_Test, inifile:
collected 3 items                                                                                                                        

test_smtpsimple.py::test_step_1 PASSED                                                                                             [ 33%]
test_smtpsimple.py::test_step_2 PASSED                                                                                             [ 66%]
test_smtpsimple.py::test_step_3 PASSED                                                                                             [100%]

---------------------------- generated xml file: /Users/jackey/Documents/iOS/code/iOS-Auto/Agent_Test/log.xml ----------------------------
======================================================== 3 passed in 0.02 seconds ========================================================
(wda_python) bash-3.2$ 

生存的log.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><testsuite errors="0" failures="0" name="pytest" skips="0" tests="3" time="0.023"><testcase classname="test_smtpsimple" file="test_smtpsimple.py" line="8" name="test_step_1" time="0.00126314163208"><system-out>输入账号、密码登录
用例步骤1:登录之后其它动作111
</system-out></testcase><testcase classname="test_smtpsimple" file="test_smtpsimple.py" line="11" name="test_step_2" time="0.000802755355835"><system-out>用例步骤2: 不需要登录, 操作222
</system-out></testcase><testcase classname="test_smtpsimple" file="test_smtpsimple.py" line="14" name="test_step_3" time="0.00115084648132"><system-out>输入账号、密码登录
用例步骤3:登录之后其它动作333
</system-out></testcase></testsuite>

生成result log格式的测试报告

(wda_python) bash-3.2$ pytest -s -v test_smtpsimple.py --resultlog=log.txt
========================================================== test session starts ===========================================================
platform darwin -- Python 2.7.15, pytest-4.1.0, py-1.7.0, pluggy-0.8.0 -- /Users/jackey/Documents/iOS/code/iOS-Auto/MyPyEnv/wda_python/bin/python2.7
cachedir: .pytest_cache
rootdir: /Users/jackey/Documents/iOS/code/iOS-Auto/Agent_Test, inifile:
collected 3 items                                                                                                                        

test_smtpsimple.py::test_step_1 输入账号、密码登录
用例步骤1:登录之后其它动作111
PASSED
test_smtpsimple.py::test_step_2 用例步骤2: 不需要登录, 操作222
PASSED
test_smtpsimple.py::test_step_3 输入账号、密码登录
用例步骤3:登录之后其它动作333
PASSED

============================================================ warnings summary ============================================================
/Users/jackey/Documents/iOS/code/iOS-Auto/MyPyEnv/wda_python/lib/python2.7/site-packages/_pytest/resultlog.py:39
  /Users/jackey/Documents/iOS/code/iOS-Auto/MyPyEnv/wda_python/lib/python2.7/site-packages/_pytest/resultlog.py:39: PytestDeprecationWarning: --result-log is deprecated and scheduled for removal in pytest 5.0.
  See https://docs.pytest.org/en/latest/deprecations.html#result-log-result-log for more information.
    _issue_warning_captured(RESULT_LOG, config.hook, stacklevel=2)

-- Docs: https://docs.pytest.org/en/latest/warnings.html
================================================== 3 passed, 1 warnings in 0.01 seconds ==================================================
(wda_python) bash-3.2$ 

现在回提示过期, 生存的Log.txt

. test_smtpsimple.py::test_step_1
. test_smtpsimple.py::test_step_2
. test_smtpsimple.py::test_step_3

可以改成这样:

pytest -s -v test_smtpsimple.py > log.txt

生存的log.txt为

============================= test session starts ==============================
platform darwin -- Python 2.7.15, pytest-4.1.0, py-1.7.0, pluggy-0.8.0 -- /Users/jackey/Documents/iOS/code/iOS-Auto/MyPyEnv/wda_python/bin/python2.7
cachedir: .pytest_cache
rootdir: /Users/jackey/Documents/iOS/code/iOS-Auto/Agent_Test, inifile:
collecting ... collected 3 items

test_smtpsimple.py::test_step_1 输入账号、密码登录
用例步骤1:登录之后其它动作111
PASSED
test_smtpsimple.py::test_step_2 用例步骤2: 不需要登录, 操作222
PASSED
test_smtpsimple.py::test_step_3 输入账号、密码登录
用例步骤3:登录之后其它动作333
PASSED

=========================== 3 passed in 0.01 seconds ===========================

生成Html格式的测试报告

html格式的测试报告在浏览器观看效果很好,还可以把这些测试报告放在Web服务器上。
首先,需要安装pytest-html插件。

pip install pytest-html

使用指令:

pytest -s -v test_smtpsimple.py --html=log.html

运行结果:

(wda_python) bash-3.2$ pytest -s -v test_smtpsimple.py --html=log.html
========================================================== test session starts ===========================================================
platform darwin -- Python 2.7.15, pytest-4.1.0, py-1.7.0, pluggy-0.8.0 -- /Users/jackey/Documents/iOS/code/iOS-Auto/MyPyEnv/wda_python/bin/python2.7
cachedir: .pytest_cache
metadata: {'Python': '2.7.15', 'Platform': 'Darwin-17.0.0-x86_64-i386-64bit', 'Packages': {'py': '1.7.0', 'pytest': '4.1.0', 'pluggy': '0.8.0'}, 'Plugins': {'html': '1.20.0', 'metadata': '1.8.0'}}
rootdir: /Users/jackey/Documents/iOS/code/iOS-Auto/Agent_Test, inifile:
plugins: metadata-1.8.0, html-1.20.0
collected 3 items                                                                                                                        

test_smtpsimple.py::test_step_1 输入账号、密码登录
用例步骤1:登录之后其它动作111
PASSED
test_smtpsimple.py::test_step_2 用例步骤2: 不需要登录, 操作222
PASSED
test_smtpsimple.py::test_step_3 输入账号、密码登录
用例步骤3:登录之后其它动作333
PASSED

--------------------------- generated html file: /Users/jackey/Documents/iOS/code/iOS-Auto/Agent_Test/log.html ---------------------------
======================================================== 3 passed in 0.03 seconds ========================================================
(wda_python) bash-3.2$ 

生存的log.html用浏览器打开:

iOS自动化探索(七)自动化测试框架pytest - 测试报告-LMLPHP

01-19 00:13